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Balance with NAD+/NADH?
2 Pyruvate(aq) + 4 e- ⇌ 2 Ethanol(aq) + 2 CO2(aq)
Reduction Potentials
Estimated E'm -51 [mV]
Estimated E'° -139 [mV]
Estimated using Smith (2004) , Alberty (2003)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
Reaction Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔrG' 19.6 [kJ/mol]
e- potential [mV]