Pyruvate(aq) + 3 NAD+(aq) + FAD(aq) + Ubiquinone(aq) + 6 H2O(l) ⇌ 3 CO2(total) + 3 NADH(aq) + FADH2(aq) + Ubiquinol(aq)
Reaction Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔrG'm -169.3 ± 10.7 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentrations »
Estimated ΔrG'° -135.1 ± 10.7 [kJ/mol]     K'eq = 4.7 × 1023
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]