2 Pyruvate(aq) + 2 NADH(aq) + H2O(l) Acetate(aq) + Ethanol(aq) + 2 CO2(aq) + 2 NAD+(aq) + 2 H2(aq)

ΔrG'° [kJ/mol] as a function of pH

at ionic strength = M

Estimated using Smith (2004) , Mazzini (1995) , Alberty (2003)