Lactulose(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -701.3 ± 5.1 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -684.2 ± 5.1 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C12H22O11
Common names Lactulose; C07064
Molar Mass 342.12 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -4 18 -1299.0 -578.9 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -3 19 -1375.1 -610.3
aqueous -2 20 -1448.3 -639.9
aqueous -1 21 -1517.6 -666.7
aqueous 0 22 -1576.2 -684.2
aqueous 0 22 -1575.2 -683.2 Alberty (2006)