2-Hydroxybutanoic acid(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -240.2 ± 5.8 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -223.1 ± 5.8 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C4H8O3
Common names 2-Hydroxybutanoic acid; 2-Hydroxybutyrate; 2-Hydroxybutyric acid; 2-hydroxybutanoate; d-2-hydroxy-n-butanoate; C05984
Molar Mass 104.05 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -1 7 -506.3 -223.1 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous 0 8 -529.1 -204.7
aqueous -1 7 -506.3 -223.1 Thauer (1977)