3,4-Dihydroxymandelate(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -508.1 ± 7.3 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -490.9 ± 7.3 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C8H8O5
Common names 3,4-Dihydroxymandelate; 3,4-Dihydroxymandelic acid; Dihydroxymandelic acid; C05580
Molar Mass 184.04 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -4 4 -570.5 -418.1 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -3 5 -649.5 -452.2
aqueous -2 6 -721.5 -480.7
aqueous -1 7 -774.1 -490.9
aqueous 0 8 -791.1 -466.7