3,4-Dihydroxymandelaldehyde(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -249.3 ± 7.5 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -232.2 ± 7.5 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C8H8O4
Common names 3,4-Dihydroxymandelaldehyde; 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylglycolaldehyde; C05577
Molar Mass 168.04 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -3 5 -357.1 -159.8 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -2 6 -432.8 -192.0
aqueous -1 7 -504.0 -220.8
aqueous 0 8 -556.5 -232.1