DL-2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -694.7 ± 2.6 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -677.6 ± 2.6 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C4H6O5
Common names DL-2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid; DL-Malate; DL-Malic acid; C00711
Molar Mass 134.02 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -2 4 -837.4 -677.6 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -1 5 -866.6 -664.5
aqueous 0 6 -884.9 -641.6