Carnosine(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm 234.2 ± 9.3 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° 251.3 ± 9.3 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C9H14N4O3
Common names Carnosine; Nalpha-(beta-alanyl)-L-histidine; C00386
Molar Mass 226.11 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -2 12 -182.5 301.6 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -1 13 -256.4 270.1
aqueous 0 14 -315.2 252.5
aqueous 1 15 -353.8 253.8
aqueous 2 16 -383.6 262.7
aqueous 3 17 -403.1 280.7
aqueous 4 18 -407.4 312.6