Lactose(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -701.1 ± 3.4 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -684.0 ± 3.4 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C12H22O11
Common names Lactose; 1-beta-D-Galactopyranosyl-4-D-glucopyranose; Milk sugar; beta-D-Gal-(1->4)-D-Glc; C00243
Molar Mass 342.12 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -4 18 -1293.4 -573.4 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -3 19 -1369.4 -604.5
aqueous -2 20 -1442.4 -633.9
aqueous -1 21 -1511.8 -661.0
aqueous 0 22 -1576.0 -684.0
aqueous 0 22 -1567.3 -675.3 Alberty (2003)