(S)-Malate(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -700.1 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -682.9 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Alberty (2003)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C4H6O5
Common names (S)-Malate; L-2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid; L-Apple acid; L-Malate; L-Malic acid; Malate; Malic acid; 2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid; C00149
Molar Mass 134.02 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -2 4 -840.4 -680.7 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -1 5 -869.7 -667.6
aqueous 0 6 -887.9 -644.7
aqueous -2 4 -842.7 -682.9 Alberty (2003)
aqueous -1 5 -872.7 -670.6