Fumarate(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -536.7 ± 2.3 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -519.6 ± 2.3 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C4H4O4
Common names Fumarate; Fumaric acid; trans-Butenedioic acid; C00122
Molar Mass 116.01 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -2 2 -598.3 -519.6 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -1 3 -623.4 -502.4
aqueous 0 4 -643.7 -481.5
aqueous -2 2 -601.9 -523.2 Alberty (2003)
aqueous -1 3 -628.1 -507.1
aqueous 0 4 -645.8 -483.6