Succinate(aq)
Formation Gibbs Energy
Estimated ΔfG'm -535.8 ± 3.7 [kJ/mol]    Enter custom concentration »
Estimated ΔfG'° -518.6 ± 3.7 [kJ/mol]
Estimated using Component Contribution (2013)
pH
Ionic strength [M]
General Properties
Formula C4H6O4
Common names Succinate; Butanedionic acid; Ethylenesuccinic acid; Succinic acid; C00042
Molar Mass 118.03 [Da]
Structure
Links KEGG »
Species Formation Energies
Phase Net charge #Hydrogens Δf [kJ/mol] ΔfG'° [kJ/mol] Reference
aqueous -2 4 -678.3 -518.6 Component Contribution (2013)
aqueous -1 5 -710.8 -508.7
aqueous 0 6 -731.1 -487.8
aqueous -2 4 -690.4 -530.7 Alberty (2003)
aqueous -1 5 -722.6 -520.5
aqueous 0 6 -746.6 -503.4